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Biotechnology: Antibodies

Biotechnology: Antibodies 

Biotechnology: Antibodies & their role in Therapeutics Learn about Antibodies: Their Structure, Types, Functions and Role in Therapeutics & Diagnostics | Immunology | Biology

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Biotechnology is the use of living organisms, cells, and biological systems to create products and technologies that have practical applications in medicine, agriculture, industry, and other fields. Antibodies are a type of biomolecule that are crucial to the immune system's ability to fight off pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites.

Antibodies, also known as immunoglobulins, are Y-shaped proteins that are produced by B-cells in response to the presence of a foreign substance (antigen) in the body. Each antibody is specifically designed to bind to a single antigen, and can do so with high specificity and affinity.

Antibodies have many applications in biotechnology. One of the most important application is as therapeutics. By identifying the antigen that causes a disease, scientists can create an antibody that specifically binds to and neutralizes that antigen. This can be used to treat or prevent the disease. For example, monoclonal antibodies are used to treat cancer, autoimmune diseases, and viral infections.

Another important application of antibodies in biotechnology is in diagnostic assays. Antibodies can be used to detect the presence of a specific antigen in a sample (such as blood or saliva), providing a quick and accurate way to diagnose a wide range of conditions.

In addition, antibodies are also used as tools for research. For example, by attaching a fluorescent label to an antibody, scientists can use it to track the location of a specific protein within a cell or tissue, or to purify a specific protein from a mixture. Antibodies are also used to study the interactions between proteins and other molecules.

Overall, Biotechnology Antibodies have a wide range of practical applications in medicine, research, and industry. Their ability to specifically bind to a wide variety of antigens makes them powerful tools for creating new therapies, diagnostic tests, and research tools.

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